Palmyra was known as the Bride of the Desert and had long been a vital caravan stop for travellers crossing the Syrian desert. Palmyrans bore Aramaic names and worshiped a variety of deities from Mesopotamia, Syria, Arabia and Greece. Palmyra came under Roman control in the 1st century AD. During the reign of Tiberius (14-37 AD) Palmyra was made part of the Roman province of Syria. Septimia Zenobia took power of Palmyra on behalf of her son when Odaenathus was assassinated by his nephew Maconius. Zenobia rebelled against Roman authority and took over Bosra and lands as far as Egypt, establishing the Palmyrene Empire. In 272 the Roman Emperor Aurelian restored Roman control and Palmyra was besieged and sacked, never to recover her former glory.
Today Palmyra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

wikipedia.org
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