The City of Jasmine, Damascus, is the second largest city of Syria after Aleppo and is also the capital city of Syria. Damascus is also the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, first settled in the 2nd millennium BC. Until the arrival of the Aramaeans, Semitic people from Mesopotamia, in the 11th century BC, Damascus is not documented as an important city. At the threat of being demolished the Old City was placed by the World Monuments Fund on its 2008 Watch List of the 100 Most Endangered Sites in the world. In spite of the recommendations of the UNESCO World Heritage Centre, in October 2010, Global Heritage Fund named Damascus one of the 12 cultural heritage sites most "on the verge" of irreparable loss and destruction.